Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) The summary of “Medusa’s head”. The other guests all offered a horse, but Perseus said he could bring something far more valuable: the head of the Gorgon, Medusa. . A Complete List of Greek Gods, Their Names & Their Realms of Influence. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. Unlike Hercules or Theseus, he had little fighting experience before he faced his most infamous foe. Perseus; Theseus; Other Heroes; Myths. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 25. But Jove [Zeus], changing into a shower of gold, lay with Danae, and from this embrace Perseus was born. God of Travellers, helpmate of Perseus. ", For MORE information on Medousa and her sisters see GORGONES and GRAIAI, ATLAS. Perseus grew up to be a brave and handsome young man. Perseus was worshipped as a hero in several places, e.g. . "When he [Midas of the golden-touch] washed his hands in liquid streams, the lustrous drops upon his hands might have been those which once astonished Danae. : The two brothers then split up all of Argeia [Argolis] between them and settled down, Akrisios lord of Argos, and Proitos lord of Tiryns. Daughter of Iobates, wife of Proitos. Met. If Perseus returned empty-handed, Polydectes said he would take Danae by force. Greek Gods . 1109.) Why, I see that already the bride is eager to enjoy our love to the full. The famous Argive hero, was a son of Zeus and Danae, and a grandson of Acrisius (Hom. They dwell secure from fate's remorseless vengeance. . It is not clear who exactly Diktys is talking to.] viii. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. Shall I then knot myself a noose, applying a desperate remedy against this torture, so that no one may put me to sea again, neither a lascivious beast nor a father? . 11 : For example, Perseus could not have killed Medusa if he did not have the smarts to steal the Gray Women's eye. Hereupon Perseus went to Argos, accompanied by Cyclopes, skilled in building (Schol. "So mighty is the hidden power of truth, Acrisius soon lamented . ad Eurip. Family Tree : Atlas – Taygeta – Lakedaimon – Eurydike – Danae – Perseus. . 11 : Brookes More) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Proitos made his way to Iobates, or, according to some, to Amphianax in Lykia (Lycia), and married his daughter, whom Homeros (Homer) calls Anteia, although the tragic poets call her Stheneboia (Stheneboea). 270 ff (trans. These two were at odds with each other while still in the womb, and when they had grown they warred over the kingdom. In the Arthur legend, the practice of the true king drawing the sword from the stone may have been based on Dark Ages techniques for forging metal swords, which involved the finished sword being yanked from its stone mould. Many years later, Perseus presented the head of Medusa to Athena, who took the severed head and turned it into an ultimate shield with a metal head of Medusa terrifying many enemies with a single look. : Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. Pyth. The glory of your deeds is all pretense; even Jupiter, will fail your need.’ With that he added force and strove to drive the hesitating Alien from his doors; who pled reprieve or threatened with bold words. 13 (trans. . ad Lyc. 53 (trans. DANAE. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. Perseus was the son of Danae and Zeus, who came to Danae in the form of a golden spring.It was foretold to Danae's father, Acrisius the King of Argos, that Danae's son would kill him.So Acrisius locked his daughter away in a bronze chamber, but Zeus transformed into a … "[Amongst the scenes depicted on the chest of Kypselos (Cypselus) dedicated at Olympia :} The sisters of Medousa (Medusa), with wings, are chasing Perseus, who is flying. Aen. PHORKIDES or GRAIAI (Graeae). : GARDEN OF HESPERIDES. The deed itself no one has described. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. He had taken the travelling eye of Phorkys' old one-eyed daughter unsleeping [the Graia (Graea)]; he dived into the dangerous cave [of the Gorgones], reaped the hissing harvest by the rockside, the firstfruits of curling hair, sliced the Gorgon's teeming throat and stained his sickle red. 4. SERIPHOS. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) ad Apollon. 3 (trans. . For him a thousand flocks, a thousand herds overwandered pasture fields; and neighbour tribes might none disturb that land. : Statius, Thebaid 1. With Athena’s (or Poseidon’s) help, another Greek hero, Bellerophon, captured Pegasus and rode him first in his fight with the Chimera and later while he was taking vengeance on … . "Silenos : 2 : Met. But the helmet kept him hidden, and made it impossible for them to identify him. Brookes More) (Roman epic C1st B.C. 27. : Tiryns, feuding twin-brother of Akrisios. . Exceeding the limits of average men, the heroes act somewhere between gods and mortals in the hierarchy of the Greek myths. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Suidas s.v. 4 (trans. 1505 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. GORGONES (Gorgons). Perseus – Cast into the sea in a chest as a child; defeated the Gorgon Medusa and the Kraken; and married Andromeda. . 61 : "Abas [king of Argos] and Aglaia (Aglaea), daughter of Mantineus, had twin sons Akrisios (Acrisius) and Proitos (Proetus). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! 606, &c.; Schol. Now some say that Proitos (Proetus) seduced her, which led to the hard feelings between the brothers, but others say that Zeus had sex with her by changing himself into gold that streamed in through the ceiling and down into her womb. This part of Perseus' story was the theme of a number of lost plays including a Perseus by Pratinus of Phlius, a Phorcides by Aeschylus, a Dictys by Euripides, a Perseus by Aristias of Phlius, and a Phorcides by Timocles of Athens. : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. Acrisius, accordingly, shut up his daughter in a subterraneous apartment, made of brass or stone (Soph. Perseus, however, protected his mother from Polydectes. xiv. When she was helpless in the power of sleep and even her serpent-hair was slumber-bound, I struck, and took her head sheer from the neck.--To winged Pegasus the blood gave birth, his brother [Chrysaor] also, twins of rapid wing.’ Leave a reply. ? He took them into his home and raised Perseus as if he were his own son. There, I stretch it out, as if I were cutting off a Gorgo's head. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) Here. In fear Akrisios constructed a bronze chamber beneath the earth, where he kept Danae under guard. Her. Proitos' father-in-law with the Lykian army conducted him home again, where he seized Tiryns, which had been walled for him by the Kyklopes (Cyclopes). Anyhow, I shall escape. On his journey back to Greece, Perseus came across the Aithiopian (Ethiopian) princess Andromeda chained to a rock as a sacrifice to a sea-monster. Medusa was the only one of the Gorgons who was mortal. Or has the Old Man of the Islands [Nereus or Proteus] sent us something in a chest? Percy heads back to Half-Blood Hill. : Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 155 (trans. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. There are other theories which also see Medusa as representing a particular religious idea. But Prokles (Procles), the son of Eukrates, a Carthaginian, thought a different account more plausible than the preceding. This eye Perseus snatches, as one was passing it to another, and threw is in Lake Tritonis. 220, 222 ; Eurip. 8 ff (trans. The Greek tragedian Euripides wrote a play describing the story of Danae. "Danae was the daughter of Acrisius and Aganippe. By Jove's [Zeus'] will it was borne to the island of Seriphus, and when the fisherman Dictys found it and broke it open, he discovered the mother and child. [1.2] ALKAIOS, STHENELOS, AELIOS, MESTOR, ELEKTRYON (by Andromeda) (Scholiast on Hom. Furthermore, the manly prowess of those of whom we are now about to write presupposes an amazing pre-eminence when compared with the nature of the women of our day. ", Aeschylus, Fragment 275 The Net-Draggers (from Papyri Oxyrhynchus) : And when Perseus cut off her head, there sprang forth great Khrysaor (Chrysaor) and the horse Pegasos (Pegasus) who is so called because he was born near the springs (pegai) of Okeanos. Percy leaves the package with his mother, so that she can decide whether or not to use it on Gabe if he continues to threaten her. Only Perseus has his name inscribed on him. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. They all had snakes for hair. He then sought out the ancient Graiai (Graeae) and stealing their single eye compelled them to reveal the location of the Gorgones. The plot revolved around Perseus' quest for the head of Medousa. "To Akrisios (Acrisius) and Eurydike (Eurydice), Lakedaimon's (Lacedaemon's) daughter, was born a daughter Danae . The story of Danae was told in several lost plays--Aeschylus' The Net-Draggers, Euripides' Danae, and Sophocles' Danae. 1090 ff (trans. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 24. 16, Apollodorus 2.34, Strabo 10.5.10, Herodotus 6.53 & 7.61, Diodorus Siculus 4.9.1, Hyginus Fabulae 63 & 155, Ovid Metamorphoses 4.607, Nonnus Dionysiaca 2.286, et al). : Lycophron, Alexandra 838 (trans. . to C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 7. Herodotus (ii. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : This detail has been interpreted as an example of the misogyny we find in many of the patriarchal Greek myths: here’s a woman so ugly that merely looking at her will literally petrify you. "He [Perseus] laid ambush for the sentinel eye of Phorkys (Phorcys) [i.e. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 3. "[The ‘Bronze House’ temple of Athene in Sparta :] On the bronze are wrought in relief many [images] . 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