Over the past fifty years the Caribbean has gone through three stages: cooling until 1974; a cold phase with peaks during 1974–1976 and 1984–1986 then; a warming phase with an increase in temperature of 0.6 °C (1.1 °F) per year. The island of Jamaica is home to seals and manatees. (1991). , The habitats supported by the reefs are critical to such tourist activities as fishing and diving, and provide an annual economic value to Caribbean nations of US$3.1–4.6 billion. 21st Century. While landfalls are infrequent, the resulting loss of life and property damage makes them significant hazard to life in the Caribbean. The Caribbean Sea is an oceanic sea largely situated on the Caribbean Plate. Atlantic Ocean water enters the Caribbean through the Anegada Passage lying between the Lesser Antilles and Virgin Islands and the Windward Passage located between Cuba and Haiti. The sea is one of the largest oil production areas in the world, producing approximately 170 million tons[clarification needed] per year. Turtle grass (Thalassia testudinum) is common in the Caribbean as is manatee grass (Syringodium filiforme) which can grow together as well as in fields of single species at depths up to 20 m (66 ft). The term "speak softly and carry a big stick" means don't be afraid to negotiate but also don't hesitate to show them the might of your military. The Caribbean is home to about 9% of the world's coral reefs covering about 50,000 km2 (19,000 sq mi), most of which are located off the Caribbean Islands and the Central American coast. This arc was formed by the collision of the South American Plate with the Caribbean Plate and includes active and extinct volcanoes such as Mount Pelee, the Quill (volcano) on Sint Eustatius in the Caribbean Netherlands and Morne Trois Pitons on Dominica. Following the colonization of the Caribbean islands, the Caribbean Sea became a busy area for European-based marine trading and transports, and this commerce eventually attracted pirates such as Samuel Bellamy and Blackbeard. The Random House atlas of the oceans. (2004).  In the Caribbean Sea there are around 1,000 documented species of fish, including sharks (bull shark, tiger shark, silky shark and Caribbean reef shark), flying fish, giant oceanic manta ray, angel fish, spotfin butterflyfish, parrotfish, Atlantic Goliath grouper, tarpon and moray eels. The Caribbean Tourism Organization calculates that about 12 million people a year visit the area, including (in 1991–1992) about 8 million cruise ship tourists. In the early Paleogene due to Marine regression the Caribbean became separated from the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean by the land of Cuba and Haiti. , A sea of the Atlantic Ocean bounded by North, Central and South America. He is walking literary across the sea while taking giant steps on water as it were a mere pool of water and pulling ships using a string like they were toys on the children’s playground. The Yucatán Channel between Mexico and Cuba links the Gulf of Mexico with the Caribbean. The Caribbean Sea synonyms, The Caribbean Sea pronunciation, The Caribbean Sea translation, English dictionary definition of The Caribbean Sea. ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. Pernetta, John. 2. adjective. Some species are threatened with extinction. In shallow water flora and fauna is concentrated around coral reefs where there is little variation in water temperature, purity and salinity. p. 124. Global Land One-kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) v.1. (m) means that a noun is masculine. 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